Thursday, June 18, 2009

Vocabulary Building Questions for 18th June

DIRECTIONS for questions 1 to 4: Each question has a word that has been used in a sentence that gives its contextual usage. From the choices, choose the word that is the most appropriate substitute for the question word, in the context.


1. Scoffed(at): A 20% growth in exports is not something to be scoffed at.

(1) tanned (2) appreciated (3) devalued (4) followed


2. Flamboyance: Mr. Sarkar is known for his flamboyance but little else.

(1) exaggeration (2) flagellation (3) industry (4) ostentation


3. Reiterate: The minister in his speech has reiterated the established policy stance.

(1) repeated (2) opposed (3) supported (4) encouraged


4. Corroborative: It is not always possible to obtain corroborative evidence in insurgency cases.

(1) authentic (2) misleading (3) spurious (4) confirmative


DIRECTIONS for questions 5 to 8: For each word given below, a contextual usage is provided. From the alternatives given, pick the word that is the most inappropriate substitute for the question word, in the given context.


5. Jaundiced: The disillusioned prisoners of war developed a jaundiced view of the UN’s peace initiatives.

(1) cynical (2) puerile (3) pessimistic (4) disenchanted


6. Desecrated: The suburb was tense after an idol had seen desecrated by hooligans.

(1) vandalized (2) violated (3) defaced (4) impaired


7. Winding: Driving down the winding ghat roads requires great caution and skill.

(1) serpentine (2) aligned (3) sinuous (4) tortuous


8. Straitened: The sudden death of the patriarch left the family in straitened circumstances.

(1) penurious (2) destitute (3) dire (4) impoverished


DIRECTIONS for Questions 9 to 12: In each question, the word at the top of the table is used in four different ways, numbered 1 to 4.Choose the option in which the usage of the word is INCORRECT or INAPPROPRIATE.


9. Shadow

1 The children were having fun chasing each other’s shadow.

2 Though I tried hard, her work put mine in the shadow.

3 People live under the shadow of fear in a military regime.

4 I knew beyond a shadow of doubt that he was lying.


10. Bill

1 Post the bill quickly lest anyone should notice it.

2 His suffering from severe cold can be easily made out from his bill.

3 Look how sharp the bill of that woodpecker is.

4 The bill was passed by 290 votes to 85.


11. Concerned

1 We should make no compromise where safety is concerned.

2 Parents are concerned about excessive violence on television.

3 They were more concerned about how the speaker was dressed than about what she was saying.

4 She has started making a concerned effort to find a job.


12. Flag

1 Unless we flag him without food for two more days, he will not speak the truth.

2 Though indefatigable, he began to flag before the match ended.

3 Can you flag all the relevant pages in this book?

4 No other flag can be hoisted here except ours.


DIRECTIONS for questions 13 to 16: Select the correct word/words from the choices that complete the given sentence. Please note that more than once choice may fit in to make a syntactically correct sentence but select the choice that is logical in the context of the

sentence.


13. An experienced politician, who knew better than to launch a campaign in troubled political waters, she intended to wait for a more

______ occasion before she announced her plans.

(1) propitious (2) provocative (3) questionable (4) perfect


14. The judge ruled that the evidence was inadmissible on the grounds that it was not ______ to the issue at hand

(1) useful (2) germane (3) manifest (4) inchoate


15. To seek ______ from the ______ summer of the plains, many people prefer going to cooler climes during the summer months.

(1) refuge . . . scalding (2) shelter . . . boiling (3) respite . . . scorching (4) solace . . . blazing


16. The columnist was almost ______ when he mentioned his friends but he was unpleasant and even ______ when he discussed people who irritated him.

(1) recalcitrant . . . sarcastic (2) reverential . . . acrimonious

(3) sensitive . . . remorseful (4) insipid . . . militant


DIRECTIONS for questions 17 to 21: Fill the blanks in the passages below with the most appropriate word from the options given for each gap. The right words are the ones used by the author. Be guided by the author’s overall style and meaning when you choose the

answers.


Twenty-five years ago, when Mauritius gained independence from Britain, this nation of 1.1 million seemed like anything but paradise. With ----17--- unemployment and one of the fastest growing populations in the world, Mauritius looked as if it were ----18--- heading for disaster. Yet over the past decade, the island has witnessed an extraordinary economic boom. Mauritius today is a success and one of the few ----19--- democracies in Africa.


17. (1) chronic (2) lingering (3) characteristic (4) incessant


18. (1) irrefutably (2) irresistibly (3) irrationally (4) irretrievably


19. (1) malfunctioning (2) performing (3) functioning (4) farfetched


Turning out concise, clich├ęd paragraphs, with little ----20--- but at high speed, is a talent that is

greatly prized by international news agencies - along with a stomach for filthy coffee and the ability to work round the clock. Nothing will kill off a natural writing gift quite so well as a ----21--- news-agency training.

20. (1) orthodoxy (2) originality (3) authenticity (4) organization

21. (1) widespread (2) superficial (3) thoughtful (4) thorough


Note:- Click here for the answers of above Vocabulary Builder.

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